Claire Corlett

Fish Food, Fish Tanks, and More
Betta Breeding – How I Pick The Best Fish to Breed (Traits Overview)

Betta Breeding – How I Pick The Best Fish to Breed (Traits Overview)


Hey guys, Simply Betta here. So in the last video I made I kind of prompted
a little game or a little discussion. I showed some images of some fish that came
out of a spawn of mine and I asked you guys OK how would you pair these fish to then create
the next generation the best offspring. What do you think are the best fish out of
all these fish to move forward with? And I got so many comments I couldn’t even
reply to all of them. You guys obviously had a lot of fun! I’ll mention what the top picks were at them
end of this video. So now it’s time for me to explain the fish
I chose and why and the thought process that I use when looking at a bunch of fish and
then deciding what are the best ones? I’ll give a quick recap – the male and the
female that I started with were both imports that I had for a while. The male was a black dragon halfmoon plakat. This image isn’t of him, I don’t have a picture
of him. I forgot to take one I guess. So this is just a fish that I pulled of the
internet that looks like him. Kind of. And then the female is just a solid black
halfmoon plakat female, really nice form. Looks lind of like this fish, again, not my
fish but that just looks a lot like her. So quite a while ago I spawned these two fish,
I raised the spawn, I got to the point where the spawn was now adults and I went ahead
and I chose the most promising males and females out of the spawn to photograph. I like to take pictures of fish and really
get in there and analyze which are the best ones. Because a still image, a high res image of
a fish, is a lot easier to work off of than just by looking at a fish moving around really
fast. At least thats how I like it. I like taking the easy route. The lazy way. I want to start by saying that in this batch
of fish I’m not choosing based on colors. The reason for this is because I spawned a
really heavy dragon layer male to this solid black female the first generation offsping
they’re obviously going to be black but they’re not going to have the full dragon coverage
that I’m looking for. They’re gonna be partial dragons. So I know that if I just pair two fish from
this spawn together, the next generation is going to have a lot more full dragon coverage. So that’s why when choosing out of all these
fish I’m not looking at like I’m not focusing on their color or how the blue irridescence
looks on them or the ones with the fullest coverage I’m not really worried about that. I’m mostly just looking at the form of the
fish I’m selecting for form. I feel like doing that will make my next batch
of fish even better. So here are the image compilations that I
made showing my males and my females that I showed in my last video, all side-by-side
because it’s easier to get a good feel for everyone that way and to be able to compare
them that much easier. So lets start by analyzing my male fish. Here is a nicer compilation of all my males. I have male A, B, and C, all brothers from
the same spawn. This is my thought process on how I analyze
them. The very first thing I like to look at in
a betta fish is the body. I’m looking for size and strength and specifically,
I’m looking at the topline. The topline is the curve or the slope of the
top of the fish, of the back. Kind of like this. I’m looking for a nice smooth curve on the
top of these fish. Here’s an example. I’m going to draw a line on the top of this
fish following the curve of the back and you can see it’s really nice and smooth and pleasant. If I were to exaggerate the curve, you would
see that the nose of this fish has a little swoop to it, this little “fighter snout” its
called sometimes. This is a betta who I would say has a nice
topline. And I think he’s really cute. Now lets look at male C’s topline. Male C has a really nice smooth curve and
I think it looks great so he gets a checkmark too. Male A in my opinion isn’t quite as gifted
in the topline department. If you look carefully, he doesn’t have a nice
curve. Instead there is a little bump in it. It’s kind of hard to see so let me exaggerate
it. You can see that the nice curve is defiinetly
interrupted by that little tiny amount of a hunch bump. *sigh* hunch bump, I should
really memorize the official terms for these things. But because of that, Male A does not get a
checkmark. Now I think it would be fun to take a look
at some fish with toplines that I don’t really find all that pleasing. Sometimes its good to give examples where
you show fish that maybe aren’t such good examples. Let’s start with this long fin female here. I wouldn’t consider this fish to have a very
strong topline. It’s very long and shallow. This is quite a long-bodied fish. Which is fine depending on what you need for
your line to improve it. But this is an example of a very shallow curve. Here is an example of a female with practically
no curve. This female is really flat-backed. Which I also don’t find very pleasing. This image looks kind of weird because I blurred
out a watermark. I felt weird critiquing someones fish when
it has their name on it. I didn’t want to do that, I’d much rather
just blur out their name and critique the fish. I wanted this as an example of a fish that
has a pretty severe hunchback. I call them hunchbacks. Again, I forget the proper term. The next thing that I’ll take a look at are
the fins. I’ll start with the ventral fins, which are
the long pointy ones at the front of the fish right here. I can already tell that, in my eyes, male
C is the winner here. His ventral fins are long and pointed and
sharp-looking and dramatic and I like that. Some people might say they’re a little proportionately
too long but I really prefer that look to the stubby ventral fins of the other two fish. So a point for male C.
Here is an example of what I mean by long, pointed ventral fins seeming more dramatic. Look at these two fish. The white fish, I just feel like its so much
more striking because of those long pointed ventral fins, than the red fish who is a pretty
fish,absolutely it’s a beautiful little fish but it doesn’t have that same sense of… I don’t know what to call it. Elegance, maybe? Sharpness? Even if the ventral fins are a little proportionately
too long, I still prefer them. Here is another trait that I like to select
against. If you lookat the ventral fins on these fish, you’ll
notice that they don’t just come to a single point. They come to multiple points.The point is
split. I definitely prefer a single point. It looks
a lot cleaner in my opinion. I don’t consider it that big of a deal but
I do select against it if I can. Ok,moving on.The next fin I’ll look at is
the caudal fin. The caudal fin which is the back fin of the
fish, this is pretty much the fin that defines the betta fish. So these fish are halfmoon plakats, which
means that they’re short-finned bettas but the short-finned fish have been selectively
bred to have a fuller, wider spread of their caudal fin. Here is an example of a traditional plakat. As you can see it doesn’t have as much ray
branching as the halfmoon plakats, which means the spread of its tail is not nearly as wide. For a halfmoon plakat I’m looking for a caudal
fin which is “D” shaped. It’s really full and sharp and pointy at the
edges, and looks like a capital “D”. Male A and C definitely have the advantage
when it comes to their caudal fins, but I actually like male C a little bit more. It’s because male C’s edges of the caudal
fin are less rounded than male A’s. Which lends itself more to a capital D shape. I’ll show a few examples of male fish with
a really strong, sharp capital “D” shaped caudal fin. Some of these fish are show fish that I pulled
off from some websites like the Bettas4All website. So another point goes to male C.
The next fin I’ll look at is the anal fin. Down at the bottom of the fish, this big long
trapezoid-shaped fin down here. So for this one I look for a few things. I don’t want it to be too long and trailing,
but I also don’t want it to be too short. I want the fin to make as straight of a line
as possible in this direction, but I also want it to come to a point, not rounded. So looking at all these fish, male B and C
would be the winners here and male A – he has a really rounded end of his anal fin and
I don’t like that. Here are a few images of fish that I think
are really nice examples for a good anal fin. Male C gets another checkmark. It’s pretty obvious that male C is my winner. I think I’ve gone over how I chose in a whole
lot of detail, and why I chose him, and I hope it made sense to everyone! Now it’s time to move over to the females. I’ll be taking a lot of concepts that I used
for the males over to the females as well. Since I have more fish to choose from, I’ll
be able to disqualify some a little more quickly. Just like with the males, I look first at
the body shape and the topline. There is one extra thing I need to explain
for what I prefer in the female body shape. I prefer them to look kind of like teardrops versus
ovals. It’s kind of hard to explain, heres a little
picture of what I mean. I say that because I think a more streamlined
body looks very elegant and very striking, versus a more stout, oval-shaped body that
females can definitely have. Sometimes females can get really, really stout and
eggy. I’ll disqualify female C for that reason – she
has the most stout, oval-shaped body. In the photo her caudal fin looks a little
weird but it’s just her pose. She is pushing her tail over to the side flaring
at another fish, so I’m not really paying attention to that. Sometimes a fish’s pose can definitely have
an impact on how they look in a photo. I’m also going to disqualify female B – her
topline seem the most shallow of the remaining fish, and I’m also noticing her proportions
and her body length. She’s just slightly longer-bodied than I would
like. I’ve whittled my selection down to three remaining
females. Next I’ll look at the caudal fin. Female A and E clearly have the fuller caudal
fin with a nicer “D” shape. It might seem like female E doesn’t, but I
just took that photo when she wasn’t in a perfect flare. Female D’s caudal fin is smaller,so she’s disqualified. She has the darkest coloration which is kind
of nice but earlier I did say that I’m specifically not looking at color. Now to choose between female A and E, my last
two fish. I don’t know, these fish look exactly alike to me, they’re like twins. I could have these two fish side-by-side in
a tank and I wouldn’t know the difference. They looks the exact same to me. Now E doesn’t have as full of a flare in the
photo, but it’s just the pose. I feel like it’s a toss-up between these two
fish because they’re pretty much the exact same, at least in my eyes. So I chose female A. Female E is really nice
too so I kept her and I’ve decided to pair her to another fish of mine. Thanks to everyone who participated in the
last video. It was fun to hear what people’s thoughts were and answers were kind of all
over the place though male B and C were usually the favorites. And as for females those answers were kind
of all over the place too. I was going to make a tally but there ended
up being so many answers that I just couldn’t do it, I didn’t have the time! Thanks so much for participating in the last
video. So these are my winner fish, these two right
here. Female E was also one of my favorite females
so I’m going to go ahead and pair her to a different male that I have who is this nice marble. She is going to improve that male, if that
makes sense. I already spawned them a few weeks ago but
my spawn is very small so I’ll probably try again soon. I’m looking forward to some offspring with
some really great form, and hopefully a nice heavier dragon layer, too, because that’s
really pretty. I hope you guys enjoyed having a look into
my decision-making process.If you would have done things differently you can always comment
in the comments down below and let me know. Thanks so much for watching, guys. Be sure to like and subscribe, I’m going to
have some more betta stuff coming up in the future. Thanks so much to my patrons, I love you guys. Have a great day and I’ll see you later.

100 comments on “Betta Breeding – How I Pick The Best Fish to Breed (Traits Overview)

  1. This video was so much fun to watch! I really enjoy the more educational videos fishtubers put out. It makes me feel more confident when picking a betta fish out other than purely liking it for its color. Great content 🙌💛

  2. wow, that was really great to see actual explanations on this process. You've made my future breeding efforts much easier!

  3. Could you do a video on how to spawn them successfully? I’ve been trying to breed my koi galaxy pair and the female keeps getting beat up so I have to remove her and wait until she heals and try again

  4. Fantastic! Thank you for these incites! I'm breeding Crowntails, I'm not going for show, just as pets, so I'm going more for colours and personality. I loved training my Betta male, I want some others to have this experience as well, so I look for fish that are outgoing, curious about things and interactive. I love unique things. This test and video were a fantastic idea! I'm happy you made them for us to learn, made me think a bit for sure!

  5. Thank you so much for doing this video iv been looking for one just like it for a while now, im looking to go into betta breeding in the next year or so (when I get a bigger house) and wanna know my stuff before hand on how to choose the best fish to be healthy and happy and well as pretty <3 I really love your channel keep up the amazing videos

  6. Hi Simply betta
    Have you tried blackworm pellets for bettas

    Aquatic Foods Inc.

    Aquatic Foods Inc. 1.5 mm California Blackworm Sinking Pellets Color Enhancers & Vitamins

  7. Thank you for going so into detail! I found it a lot easier to understand what was good and what wasn't in your explanation than in other guides I've seen! Can't wait to see their babies growing up!

  8. I looooove it! Beautiful pair, i bet they will make some handsome little ones! Also, for ever looking forward to be able to buy a fish from you on your website, i wanted a female but i also loooove plakat males.

  9. I just got 13 handpicked mostly halfmoon imports in. Beautiful fish. Last time I import longtail varieties , a few came in tails, nipped and shredded. Its a literal shame.

  10. THANKS for the video. there is not enough info on youtube about what goes into a good fish. thanks again

  11. That’s funny, I liked C because I think she would have room for more eggs. I love hearing your reasoning and how you came to your conclusions. This was interesting and fun

  12. Winner, Winner.. Chicken dinner! I'm so glad my two were chosen. I chose Male C with Female A because of their beautiful form. <3 Such great information BTW.

  13. This is, by far, my favorite video of yours. I did not vote on your pairings in the last video, as I knew nothing about betta conformation. I have dogs that I show, so I have an appreciation for this stuff. I hope you do this again someday. Great video!
    In dogs we call a humpbacked animal roach backed.

  14. Good video, imo I think breeding plakats is better since they don’t really get rosetail/x factor and can swim better. Just keep in mind that some dragon scales can develop tumors and that melano/pure black females aren’t fertile. Also, the stockier body might be an indicator of doubletail.

  15. Love your videos! Bettas are probably my favorite fish right now and it’s nice to know as much as possible from other people who are way more experienced than me

  16. I love this vedio!!! I learned so much!! And the details were so clear!!
    The vedio should be called "betta match maker"🐟🐟 lol im excited for this match!!! Hope to see updated vedios of their babies!!

  17. This is really interesting because I can get carried away with the colour and tail shape and it’s really interesting to see the fish in an other angle

  18. Are you kidding me? Great stuff. Can't wait to watch the same process apllyied to non-plakats. The ideal conformation of the (long) tail is still a mistery to me.

  19. Really enjoyed this video because I've never really known what goes into choosing a "good" betta so I learned quite a bit… thanks for sharing a bit of your process with us!

  20. Watching this video for the 3rd time. Amazing info packed into one little video. I'm looking for some healthy Bettas to breed and this defines what I'm looking for.

  21. My opinion, female A has a better dorsal, it looks fuller.
    I agree with your choices. They are the ones I would have chosen myself.

  22. This was a really helpful and informative video! I've had trouble finding information like this, with clear examples from breeders. I just got Akai, my red black star warrior betta in from Thailand and I am officially in love haha. Anyway, your channel is great and helped me a lot while doing research before before buying him! So thanks so much for the great videos, look forward to seeing more of them!

  23. I love how you went through everything, I came straight from your last video and used what I’ve acquired from just casually looking into breeding and actually chose the same fish as you! I completely agree with your more elegant point from the body shape to ventral fins. If I come up with the room where I’m able to breed, can you ship to Canada, I would love to support another smaller scale breeder!

  24. This has been the most helpful video on picking bettas for breeding. Thank you. There isn't anything like it I could find. So informative!

  25. Absolutley great video!!! Your one of only two people that ive found on youtube that actually show how they choose for breeding according to IBC standards, societal preferences, and of course your own unique style. So informative👍 most just assume its all about color and the rookies only breed for color without really doing any research and damn the consequences later when they cant care for the fry and more than not have bad form.

  26. Allows the male bite the female and kill her please tell me how to know if the male is ready and will not bite the female?

  27. Additional notes: The dorsal fin should have a straight and tall (proportionately sized) leading edge. A gradual leading edge is not as desirable.
    Also some people also look out for over extended caudal fin (meaning more than 180° spread) known as OHMPK.
    Great video btw!

  28. Can you give novice breeder some advice some hits misses I just need someone to help me though all of this thank you

  29. Love the notes on confirmation! Yay science! Yay selective breeding! Yay knowing what you're doing!!!

  30. Sorry, I just discovered your channel, but I was wondering if you bred bettas to sell or to keep and actually take care of. I don't mean this offensively in any way BTW, I actually really enjoy your videos!

  31. I just don't understand why these fansy short tail bettas are more popular.I think halfmoon tail or crown tail bettas are more beautiful…But I have one more question that I will thank you if you answer,and that is which color of bettas is better to breed?blue or red?
    At last I should apologize for my awful English grammer…and I hope you understand what I said
    Thanks

  32. People who doesn’t have detailed artistic eyes will just be like “they all look the same” differentiate good breeders from bad breeders. Like the eBay sellers who claim theirs are “high quality” or those who claim to sell super delta/ delta tail betta as halfmoon bettas. Smh!

  33. My first impression of you was from the video you did about setting up Grandma with a Betta tank. Nice thoughtfully gift for Grandma, but my impression was of a cute yuppy chick getting kicks out of a few fish in the home, but not a serious breeder.
    This video completely changed my mind. When you cull your stock down to the few with extremely strong qualities for your next generation breeders…if you are not now, you will be a force to be reckoned with in top quality Betta breeding or show stock, and now I subscribed and put you on my short list.
    Breeding is not about what you started with, but what you ended up with through sellectiv breeding. I have so much more respect for real breeders like you, than the lab rats who shortcut by splice genes with nellyfish, or koi & bettas to make otherwise mutant none existsnt species. It takes much longer to get want you want through selective breed in and much more rewarding. Keep up the great work. 😁

  34. Any tips for an aspiring breeder? I’m spending my allowance on a very small sorority and a male, along with some tanks. I’m not doing this for show quality fish, I’m doing this for profit.

  35. Thank yo so much I never understood why people chose the Betta because of form. I chose because I liked the colour I know understand. I feel a lot more confident if ever I should breed (Not for show )

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