Black Water non-filter fish tank setup 创意黑水沼泽鱼缸
Hello everyone, welcome to my channel ZU DIY. Here I’ll present you a black water swamp fish tank I recently created. I used all natural materials to build this tank, drift wood, moss and aquatic plants… I collected them all from Canada wildness. A tiny snail is an unexpected stowaway, I
wish he enjoys his new home and develops well. The unique feature of this black water tank
is that it is a miniature of natural swamp which we can see a lot in Canada’s great outdoors.
It reveals the natural landscape of a live pond in a tank. This tank needs no filter and electricity you can put it anywhere, as convenient as
desk top or office. The fish is a male Beta which originates from
South American, I bought it from the local Pets store. The fish will be the house owner of this tank for many years In the following video,I will show you how did I create this swamp tank step by step. If this is the first time for you to watch my video, please google ZU DIY, open my channel page and you can also find many other home DIY videos to watch and share. Please don’t forget to subscribe, your subscription is the greatest fuel to my creations. These are materials I will use, two pieces of rock, an antler shaped drift wood, and a bag of aggregate for aquatic plants. I put this drift wood in boiling water for sterilization, I collected this piece of wood from Algonquin Provincial park last year when I camped there. When I hiked outside, I collected some moss and plants. This is some moss patched in open woods, I scooped a small part and put in plastic container. There are all kinds of moss, they look great! You can collect different types as you like. This moss grow in rock crevices, and some grow on rotting woods, and some wood pieces I picked from woods, they can all be perfect landscape materials for the tank. This is the inspiration, or Muse for my tank, a typical Canadian swamp, many turtles dwell here. I accessed the brim of pond to collect some
aquatic plants, these are hardy plants and could be easily transplanted. Beside a creek, I found some vivid green moss growing on a rock, I picked a small patch as well. This is the final look of my black water tank. I will show you, step by step, how I put all materials together. I position the drift wood in the tank, and pour the aggregate in. This 1/4 bag of aggregates are leftovers from my last aquatic landscape project. I make a slope to create a shallow part and a deep part in the tank. Plants and moss will be put in shallow parts, and the deep zone is ideal for the fish to explore. Position rocks, and this is the good time
for you to show your imagination and aesthetic sense. Like an archeologist, I brush the dust off the wood while my cat Picasso shows endless curiosity. I spay some water on wood and aggregates,
make a damp preparation for plants. This moss lived in shallow water, so I put it right above the waterline to mimic the original condition. Spay more water on the wood for more moss. Moss has no roots and can be carpeted on any place in the tank. Its time to add water.
I took some water from another aquarium which has been set up for more than 6 months. The
water condition is perfect. Using setup water from a established tank could
speed up the water cycling and setting of a new tank. Use a spout container to pour water in, slowly and gently, on the wood, avoid splashing on
plants and aggregates. This is enough water, since it mimics a swamp,
I don’t want too much water. After adding water, I can still plant more
plants. This is a tall plant I took from that previous
tank, I found it is so tall that it floats instead of standing in the water. This is not a good choice for a shallow water tank, so I just took it out.
I keep adding new moss and plants, the tank looks diverse and dynamic. The water looked cloudy but I don’t worry about it, it will settle down in a few days. Now I want to tell you the cycling process of aquarium water. Fish excretion and extra fish food turn into ammonia which is very toxic. Helped by bacteria, ammonia turns into nitrite which is also toxic. Nitrite will be further turned into nitrate by bacteria, nitrate is not that toxic and is excellent food for plants. By changing tank water, nitrate will be diluted
to the degree that the bio-cycling of water is finished. After two weeks, I would do a water test to check if the bio cycling is done. The tank water is now pretty clear ; the test kit I use is API Freshwater Test Kit, You
can check out the purchase link in description. The kit will check four main index, including
PH, ammonia, nitrite and nitrate. Follow the kit instructions, take certain amounts of water, drip in certain drops of reagent as instructed. For ammonia testing, there are two reagents, ammonia 1 and ammonia 2, follow the sequence, and do not mix them up. For Nitrate, there are also two reagents. Cap all the tubes and shake well. After 5 minutes, I’ll use the colour pad included
in the kit to check water quality. The result is not good, PH is around 7, which is OK. Ammonia is too high.
Nitrite is extremely high. Nitrate is OK.
Since the ammonia and nitrite are too high, this water cannot sustain a fish. I will add some API quick start , it is actually some kind of bacteria to speed up the water bio cycling. After one week, another water test proved
that water is perfect. Ammonia is zero and nitrite is close to zero.
Nitrate is low. This will be heathy enough for adding fish. This is the Beta I bought from Petsmart, my daughter named him Fishwawa. Fishwawa has impressive back fin and tail fin. Put Fishwawa in the tank, be very careful. Now the black water swamp tank is finally set up. Thanks for watching and please subscribe. See you at next project.