Claire Corlett

Fish Food, Fish Tanks, and More
Deep Sea Fish Farming in Geodesic Domes: Upgrade

Deep Sea Fish Farming in Geodesic Domes: Upgrade

[Music] fifty years ago pretty much everything we ate from the sea was wild and one of the major changes in fish has been the emergence of aquaculture something like half of what we eat from the sea is farmed when you think about it that it is an ethical shift an untethered aquapod would have the immediate effect of getting aquaculture out of shallow stagnant water [Music] [Music] the human population consumes an insane amount of seafood mostly fish since about the 1970s the vast majority of that seafood has actually been farm raised in pens and Fisheries in 2014 alone Americans imported about 86 percent of their seafood from international fish farms while exporting 90 percent of our own farmed fish the aquaculture business is a lucrative one generating about thirteen billion dollars annually since 2012 and although aquaculture practices and techniques have evolved over the last 50 years to meet the demand for seafood many of those practices come at a price highly congested pens over feeding and inefficient cleaning have led to various consequences including contamination and the possibility of escape which in turn leads to the spreading of disease and parasites among wild fish populations I wanted to learn more about the evolution of fish farming and what the current practices are for driving in New York City and we’re on our way to see Paul Greenberg whose work consists of documenting and exploring the consumption of fish both by fishing and aquaculture or fish farming have you seen the state of fish and fishing evolved from when you were a kid to now fish are changing in a very very big way at a certain point I started to see real reductions in some of the target game fish that I really love to catch mostly because the waters just getting too warm and also decades and decades of overfishing World War two really changed everything in the ocean all these different devices that were used to fight the war were used to catch fish a sonar for finding submarines for example suddenly you could use it for fish what then happened because of this technology there was just a huge buildup in what’s called a fishing effort you go from you know a twenty million metric tons of fish cat caught every single year to now we’re at about 80 million metric tons so it’s top down and he can’t go any further we’ve really reached the limit of the wild ocean as you start to see the wild catch start to top out is this other graphic which is aquaculture it’s now the fastest growing food system on the planet I think it goes seven to ten percent a year and you think about 50 years ago it’s pretty much all wild so it’s just a huge huge shift what our current aquaculture techniques they’re basically two kinds one is open ocean aquaculture where you put net cages and they’re put in sort of arrays of six or eight or ten the other kind is inland aquaculture where you do it in a pond or perhaps in a raised tank but again it’s a completely fixed situation what are the ecological effects what you’re always doing with aquaculture is you’re using a public resource for private gain the spoiling of a bay the fouling of an inlet you’re asking the public environment to absorb waste and you’re probably not paying a price for it that to me is the darker side of this deal basically what Paul explained to me is that we really only eat aquaculture in this country and the majority of that aquaculture is organized within systems that are anchored to the floor of a body of water since these fish farms aren’t very far offshore they often lack proper filtration to stop waste and bacteria from seriously impacting their immediate environment that impact also often stresses the fish potentially changing the quality so why is the fastest growing food system on the planet still cutting so many corners from a technological standpoint I left New York City and headed out to La Paz Mexico where a guy named Steve page was working on a new way to reduce the ecological footprint of this industry [Music] hey Steve I’m Zack Zack good to meet you thanks for having us you said you came from a background of traditional farming can you talk about your personal trajectory how you ended up coming up with the idea of the aquapod I started to see environmental compliance officer at Atlantic salmon of Maine I saw that the real problem was that the fish farms were located in the wrong place there’s just too many fish we had to move out where there’s room to spread out where there’s not one fish farm on top of another that spreads disease between cages the only way to make fish farming sustainable and to help restore the ocean was to move offshore into deep water this is a location where we are 140 feet of water so it’s very deep water and although right down today it looks very calm we’ve seen waves up to 3 feet high here in the aqua pod which we see behind us is a fish pen that’s specifically designed for these offshore conditions the actual structure itself is made from a recycled polyethylene plastic with fiberglass reinforcing what you see here is the equivalent of three hundred and fifty thousand milk bottles and how did you come up with the idea of doing it in a geodesic down when I was in college in the late 60s I did some work with geodesic design and the idea of making an entire sphere that’s quite new its predator proof so the sea lions or sharks can’t get through it that’s a big problem with traditional fish farms and it is the least surface area for the amount of volume that it contains in that amount of space you can grow several hundred thousand fish what did you have to go through in terms of proving that this is an environmentally conscious way of farming fish well we’re still proving offshore farming is still very new but we’re constantly collecting data proving that when you’re out in the open ocean the ocean can absorb the nutrients that are given off by a fish farm the other thing that we’ve noticed is that these are what we call a fish aggregation device what we have here is basically an artificial reef we’ve got little crustaceans on the Aqua pod itself there are a lot of other species of fish that congregate around this one so on the other end of the spectrum if aqua pods really took off and there was a ton of them in the water how could that sort of cause problems with biodiversity there’s no question that it could every body of water has a carrying capacity you look at La Paz bay there’s a limited number of pens that can go in that area there does have to be regulation about how many farms go in any and Bayman and it’s gonna change according to the environment [Music] Steve explained that these aqua pods are being researched while stationed one location however the future application for the pods which are equipped with a propeller mechanism and GPS system is to be able to use them as transporting vessels that deploy with juvenile fish and arrive at the desired location with fish that are ready to harvest [Music] so I’m about to mount this aquapod which sounds a little dirty but it’s no easy feat because it’s actually very slippery and I’m not athletic at all maybe I’m nimble but I have very short legs do you think that the traditional types of fish farming is a sustainable way to farm for the future I don’t think it’s sustainable for the future because in the future we’re going to need so much more farm fish we can’t keep expanding near shore in shallow water there are a lot of nice places when they get offshore into the open ocean so have you had an opportunity to taste the fish oh this fish little rubber is delicious it’s a lot like halibut I know this would require pretty sophisticated palate but can you tell the difference between a farm-raised fish and a fish that’s raised in the aqua pot you know what I can tell the difference is a fish that’s grown near shore and less pristine water this water is so clear so clean if fish taste like fish they don’t taste like the water they’re growing it’s about as close you can get to eating wild fish without eating lava that’s exactly right wild fish that are growing in the open ocean my goal is to develop a platform that we could offer to new fish farmers and also the traditional fish farmers that they can plug in and start growing fish in an environmentally safe way and reducing their risks so they can get an economic turn so this really is the future of fish farming ideally the future of fish farming is a open ocean this was where it’s happening like with most farming practices there will always be questionable ways in which we call to ban our food supply and as seafood consumption continues to grow new innovations are necessary to ensure that we meet that demand and safely navigate the uncharted waters of this industry you

100 comments on “Deep Sea Fish Farming in Geodesic Domes: Upgrade

  1. That thing looks extremely expensive and it moves which isn't a very efficient thing if you can't teleport the whole thing.

  2. GPS and props to arrive at locations ready to harvest. simple efficient hopefully effective. Because if an answer aint found soon a whole of folks will go hungry!

  3. it is not for traditional fish farmers this is a corporate operation no small fishery could buy in TOO much initial investment

  4. Yes usa realy fucked up in late 50's earlie 60's in regards to polution and fish on the east coast, cause my grandpa, his brothers and father all travelled from norway to usa to fish in late 50's and by beginning of 60's they stopped all fishing of big fish because of to much heavy metals in the fish there so then he came back.

  5. The old way of holding fish like this kills the sea under and around it because of all the crap in the food aswell as in the fish itself, i would never eat such a fish

  6. Yes…a more environmentally conscious way…to Kill tons of fish? I challenge any of you who eat fish to try it plain with no seasoning, then taste a vegetable plain with no seasoning. Then Season/cook the fish the way you like it and season/cook the vegetable the way you did the fish. Becoming Vegan is easier that you think and it's more environmentally conscious than a Geodesic Dome. Nonetheless…if you feel at this stage in your life that you HAVE to eat some kind of animal protein…fish is the best choice and I'm glad that at least we are looking for ways to be kinder to our food before we consume it. However, I feel in the long run, becoming vegan is one of the best things you can do for the planet. Infinite Love & Gratitude to you all.

  7. This looks like a much better alternative to near-shore fish farming. I'd really like to see a follow-up video to see the results after 5 years. What are the pros & cons, maintenance requirements, profitability, disease rates, etc. It looked like the cages have to be periodically power-washed to remove accumulated marine growth, which could hamper the flow of clean water through the cage.

  8. And you still need to fish for fish to feed to the fish. I kinda feel like that's the real problem. We fish populations of fish almost to decimation just so that we can make food pellets out of them for farmed fish.

  9. so much rhetoric. the water temp isnt the reason for fewer fish. overfishing is the reason. not everything can be linked to climate change. stop overfishing.

  10. While this is all wonderful and very impressive, the future is already doomed to fail, as the population of the planet increases at an alarming rate and the increased demand for food becomes impossible to supply. Consider the population of the planet was 1 billion in 1919, and today it is over 8 billion in 2019. At that rate the population of the planet will be over 16 billion in 25 years and there is no way this planet has the resources to support that explosion of mouths to feed. Man is a cancer eating this planet alive, especially when you add the lethal effect on the environment from global industry using the water and the air, as a toilet for their toxic industrial waste. (Sad to say, but it is too little too late folks.)

  11. The guy introduces his way of aqua farming – says there is only so many that could be fished this way, and that regulation would have to be put in place! Yea to guarantee that he is the only one making money! Giant Sales Pitch!

  12. The idea to transport young stock to where they will be consumed as mature fish is an extremely smart way to reduce food miles. Are there any logistical issues with coordinating aquapods with other ocean traffic?

  13. Why farmed fish is dangerous to eat should be a real question. Growing up in San Diego/ fishing sea for food is so different than 35+ yrs ago or longer. People are sooo brainwashed on health for the fish and humans. Wake up!

  14. Two things:
    1) How do they harvest the fish in the aquapod?
    2) It looks like something that'll be on ancient aliens in a thousand years.

  15. how about you all eat waht humans are desgined to eat fruits and vegetables andnuts and seeds from the earth … they lied get over it

  16. What if that aqua pod sinks to the bottom with u locked inside and nobody noticed or knew that you were in there.

  17. So does it stay submerged most the time or is there always a piece exposed to the surface? There are clips with both, so just curious if anyone knows.

  18. No matter what there are always going to be lazy people who cut corners.. can't sustain fish farming so close to shore have to do it right and do it offshore in the open ocean

  19. Humans are sickening and are killing everything in nature. Call me when they open a safari in Africa where i can hunt the poacher and hunters. Call me when they open up season in America to fish and kill humans until then humans are in the wrong and one day their gonna realize that all the people they called crazy and tree huggers were right!

  20. I have questions galore: Q1 – How much does each fish dome cost to manufacture? Q2 – How many hours of weekly maintenance do these involve? Q3 – What are you feeding these fish, especially if you want them to follow the Gulf Stream on their own? Q4 – About how many scuba divers does each fish dome need to operate? Q5 – How hard is it to remove the fish in these large devices? Some criticisms: C1 – These look high maintenance, high expense and too high tech for most fishermen to bother with when they can haul way more fish use net fishing techniques. C2 – With 200,000 fish per dome, there's a very good chance a rival company sabotage or steal your product.

  21. At time 6.00 the fuu with the glasses and beard he looked at the old man with white dress shirt locked at his cock

  22. Well shii this should have been the way of farming fish 😂Illuminati wants to control you’re food supply

  23. Man keeps messing with nature , greed and mismanagement are at its core. Stop exploiting resources, man can do without eating so much fish. Consumption needs change , look at beyond meat! Soon I hope they create beyond fish! As long as it is healthier than FARMED fish. Change eating habits so these Lucrative destructive industrial practices don't continue. Your just moving the problem off shore.

  24. only way to make fish farming sustainable is to move off shore and to deep water… AND TO OTHER COUNTRIES APPARENTLY

  25. FISH'N CHIP'S used to be so cheap in 70s NOW its cost $20 same packet you can buy a small computer for ! wtf

  26. I found a solution, no more meat .. and all those guys that do not respect living creatures .. will not make money on my back ever again.

  27. This type of breeding raises toxins in fish and it looses its omega 3 values .. All because they are not raised properly

  28. I must say anything we can do in the future to save this plant must done. With out fish Most of us are going to die. It is essential we start new ways of sustainable fishing. It's like building the first computer and expecting it to the end of all computer design.

  29. Too bad the pods are made out of plastic which will be found in the fish as it deteriorates. Not good

  30. There is nothing worse than farmed fish. They feed them an unnatural diet. Look at the diseases coming out of cows because of the unnatural diet. I never consume farmed fish. Simply revolt by not buying it, they will stop

  31. the dome made from recycled plastic is a great thought but plastic breaks down in the ocean so these domes are putting micro plastics into the ocean they are trying to "save"

  32. This cage needs regular high pressure gun clean. Otherwise she’ll fishes will grow fully on the surface.

  33. Aquaponics! No waste, closed system, works well plus vegetables make more profit than the fish even. Black soldier fly food, local smaller sustainable systems for local consumption, along with vermiculture and ap drip systems for some plants. Its an excellent natural symbiotic closed loop system that occurs everywhere in nature already. We just have to finish all our loops, manufacturing anything that produces true waste is unsustainable, and most often it can be accomplished by "finishing the job" and closing the loop, instead of our past tendencies to pilfer and dump. Everything that ANY process produces must be accounted for and addressed before any manufacturing of anything is done. Imho.

  34. Everything worked as planned until it is time to clean the barnacles next year….. then the farm will go bankrupt or deploy poisonous chemicals to kill the barnacles.

  35. Save the BS. You're spreading disease to the wild populations and destroying the planet. Mandatory human birth control and a reduced population is the only answer to sustaining healthy food sources for our species and the rest to survive.

  36. The future of fish farming is small decentralized aquaponics in fly over America as well as it's big cities. And you get vegetables to boot.

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