Claire Corlett

Fish Food, Fish Tanks, and More
DIY aquarium Bio-Pellet reactor

DIY aquarium Bio-Pellet reactor


Hi Everybody Joey Here again and Welcome back so in Today’s Video? We’re Going to build A bio Pellet Reactor for Saltwater Aquariums Now When I set my Saltwater Aquarium Up I knew That There was Three Projects I wanted to do right [away] which is the bio Pellet Reactor A nano skimmer as, well as an Auto Top Off We’ll Be Covering the bio Pellet Reactor in Today’s Video and Then in Some Future Videos? We’ll get back to the skimmer as? Well as the Auto Top off but if you can’t Wait I’ve Actually Already built Those Projects in the Past You Can go back Into my past Videos and Check Those out Now if You’re not Familiar With what I bio Pellet Reactor Is in The first Place Basically They Allow you to remove Nitrates from your Aquarium System and This is due to the bio Polymer Pellets that We’re Going to Add to the reactor but We’re Going to come back to Exactly how that’s Works After I show [you] how to build it first of all you’re Going to need Some bio Polymer Beads Now These are Available in A wide range of bit of brands but These are going to act as your source of Carbon for the Bacteria you’ll, also need A Small Aquarium Pump that is Preferably Adjustable The one I’m using IS 80 Gallons per Hour However I can Adjust The Flow and it only uses four watts of Power the best part is i only Paid? $7.99 on Amazon Now if You use this pump you’ll need a little bit of knitting mesh as Well you just need a small Amount Although you Could Use any Sort of mesh and Place it over the Output of the Pump the Reason Being Is that When the pump Shuts Off and The [Pellets] Settled They Can get inside the Motor so you want to be able to stop them Somehow? you’ll Also need some Glue or some silicones and of Course A water Bottle and for this to be the most efficient you want to Make Sure that it is Round and Smooth as Opposed to Rigid Now if There’s Nano Sized [Reactors] Not Good Enough for you you can go Ahead and get some four inch Acrylic Pipe and Build A giant Sized One Like I’m going to do for my 375 Gallon in The Future This Build Should Take you [No] longer than five Minutes Which [is] the beauty of it it’s very Simple Start Off By Drilling A hole in the Cap of your Bottle and Make sure that it Fits on Snuggly to your Pump then glue the mesh Down Over Top of the Output of the Pump but do not Obstruct The Ability [to] put the Bottle Back in Place Now you need to drill a bunch of holes at the Top of the Bottle I prefer to drills much Smaller holes and drill a lot Of Them so the bio Pellets Cannot Exit the Bottle Drilling Them at the Top Though means that the Chances of getting out Are Slim Anyways because the by Pellets Are Only Going to fill up half This Bottle now We just got to put it all together Now if You’ve Never dealt With bio Pellets in the Past There’s tons of? Documentation and Instructions on how to start One of These Up but ideally you Want to start off With About? 25 Percent of The Amount you need in My case i’m going Ahead and Filling it up just for this Video to give you A Visual Then Attach the pump With the cap on it back Onto the Bottle and You’re Done Now if You Didn’t Soak the [vial] Pellets for About 24 Hours Prior [To] Putting it in The Bottle They will Float A bit but that’s not too Much of A problem Once You turn the pump On what You want to Look for Is that the bio Pellets are Simply Continuously Moving Around and They’re not? Compact Or Packing Together at Any Point You want the Water to Freely Flow Through it but you? Don’t want them to go Crazy Throughout The Bottle so Make sure that you Would Just the Flow [of] the Pump to Make it just right Now if You’re going with this design it’s best to put it in your Sump and put it after your mechanical Filter but before your Protein Skimmer After your Mechanical Filtration so that you filter out the all of Particles From the Water before it reaches The bio Pellet Reactor Yet before The Skimmer Because the Bacteria that’s Going to be Living on the Bottle will be Dying off Eventually and Exit the Bottle so you’ll want your protein Skimmer to be able to remove that For me I’ve Been Running mine on my aquarium for about four Weeks and I went from Having Nitrates to Zero Nitrates Now Typically This will Take About Six Weeks to kick in and Cycle the Bacteria On The Bio Pellets However You want to Speed that up you Can, add Bacterias like Bio Digest by Pro Video and That will Speed the Process up Tremendously Now There’s A few Different Types of Bacteria in A Bottle [that] will Work so [i] suggest you do your research and [find] out What’s most affordable to you and Available to you within a couple of Weeks you’ll Notice that your Nitrates in your Aquarium are? Undetectable [and] Even your phosphates Come Down A bit you See this will Remove Nitrates and Phosphates To a ratio of 16 to 1 so all in all i’m about nine Dollars Into This Project Plus Another Six Dollars Worth of the Bio Pellets that I used now the entire Container cost Me $30 but I’m only using six Dollars of that at Each Time it Should, also Be Said that the bio Pellets Don’t last Forever you do Have to Constantly replace Them as They’re Consumed but Usually you Won’t have to do for several Weeks to several Months Depending on your System [now] This Bacteria Still has A life Cycle so it [Eventually] dies and That Fluidization of The Bio Pellets Knocks off That Old Bacteria and New Bacteria Can Take its Place but That Old Bacteria Will Be tossed Back Into your Aquarium if you Don’t have A good Protein Skimmer After it Or perhaps some sort of A Mechanical Trap to Make Sure You [get] you traffic all so for [fifteen] Dollars you too Can build your Own Bioreactor and Have A big Impact on your Aquarium but how [Does] This Work, well the bio Pellets are A? Biodegradable Source of Carbon Now if You Give Certain Species of Bacteria A Source of Carbon They Can Consume It and Basically use it as a food source [so] they Can Consume additional Nutrients in The Aquarium like Nitrates and Phosphates Now if You, were to build this exact Reactor That I’ve Shown you this Would Easily Handle about A 75 Gallon Aquarium using about 250 Milliliters of These Bio Pellets in A 500 Milliliter Bottle However The More Pellets that You Use and the bigger the Bottle is the Larger The Aquarium This Could Handle Now These bio Pellets Have Been in The Aquarium Hobby for A few Years Now [and] There’s tons of Documentation and Discussions out There That will allow you to really dive Deep Into Whether or not you Need Or Could want A bio Pellet Reactor so I suggest you doing your Research before Attacking This Project Although This Is a really Affordable and Extremely effective Project to Do so it’s up to you and what you do here Anyways don’t that you guys [Enjoy] [Today’s] Project I’D also like to thank you for Watching and if You join me next Sunday I’ll have a new Do-It-Yourself Project for you

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