Claire Corlett

Fish Food, Fish Tanks, and More
Fishing Quota Film

Fishing Quota Film


Catch quotas are successfully used around
the world to sustainably manage fisheries. They put a cap on the amount of catch permitted
to be taken. There are two types of fishery management
tools. Input controls restrict the effort that can
be put into fishing. They include types of fishing gear, vessel
size, access to fishing grounds, seasons or number of fishing days. Output controls limit the amount of fish that
can be taken out. For example, possession limits or catch quotas. Often both are needed, to ensure fishing is
sustainable. The Sustainable Fisheries Strategy outlines
a preference for using output controls wherever possible. A Total Allowable Commercial Catch, TACC,
may be applied to the whole fishery. If there is just a Total Allowable Commercial
Catch, individual commercial fishers compete with each other for their share of it until
the Total Allowable Commercial Catch is reached and fishing ceases. This is often known as competitive Total Allowable
Commercial Catch. Catch quotas cap the commercial output of
fish in a fishery or on a stock. Unlike a competitive Total Allowable Catch,
quota is issued to individuals. Once individual quotas are allocated, each
commercial fisher holds a share in the fishery, which can be bought, sold, or leased. Quota gives fishers the ability to plan their
business, knowing that they have secure access to their share of the Total Allowable Catch. An Individual Transferrable Quota, ITQ, allocates
a share of the Total Allowable Commercial Catch to each individual commercial fisher. Once an individual fisher’s quota is used,
they can buy or lease more units of quota. But when no quota units remain, fishing ceases. The details of a quota system are specified
in each harvest strategy. Quotas can be adjusted up and down in response
to the health of a fish stock. If the health of fish stocks improves, quotas
may increase. If the health of fish stocks declines, quotas
will decrease. This is done by adjusting the value of the
quota units to reflect a revised TACC, according to the pre-arranged harvest strategy. If one quota unit value were to equal 1 kilogram
and the quota is reduced by 10%, then the value of the unit will reduce by 10% to 0.9
kilograms. If there is an increase in quota of 10%, the
unit value will increase to 1.1 kilograms. Enforcement and data collection are vital
to the success of a quota system. Fishers are required to provide timely and
accurate catch and effort data. Fisheries Queensland checks quota compliance
in a number of ways, including Direct checks of fish catch
Audits of catch information, and Vessel tracking on commercial boats. For more information on the Sustainable Fisheries
Strategy visit fisheries.qld.gov.au or call 13 25 23.

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