Claire Corlett

Fish Food, Fish Tanks, and More
How to Cycle Your Aquarium- Nitrogen Cycle in an Aquarium. Bacteria for the Nitrogen Cycle

How to Cycle Your Aquarium- Nitrogen Cycle in an Aquarium. Bacteria for the Nitrogen Cycle

what up fish tank people dustinsfishtanks bringing it to you on a
Sunday baby how is everybody doing yo your boy Dee had a great time at the ACA
was up there like Thursday Friday Saturday went home last night hung out
with the king of DIY himself mr. Joey Mullins I’m sad to say I would love to
have the man next to me unlike two unliked hitting him with questions but
he had to family stuff come up so he could not make it down I am crushed I
wanted to sweat him out in the greenhouse he’s from Canada but they
just get him in here with 90 degree heat see what happened to him but I did enjoy
watching him eat some steak and shaking me to Frisco burger for the first time
so that was entertaining so yes folks ACM is a great time such a good time
meeting all of you many of the people that can make it they’re so pumped to
actually like meet people and look them in the eye and said just like looking
into a camera and responding to emails like actually like seeing people and
talking about the tanks and that good stuff so a lot of fun there went to
what’s called I never heard of this before the AC has what’s called the
bitch’s auction which excuse my French but hilarious they have all these women
that auction off all these cichlids and I could care less about 95% of the fish
although Brian did bring back a Tanganyika heal which was sick but
anyway women given like you know fake lap dances to do to spend over 100 bucks
and anyway a real good time so the ACA American cichlids Association great time
thank you Bill Merkley and you’re rusty Russell for having a great show so
anyway today folks and species Sunday but I want to talk about bacteria I
don’t know really this species of it but it’s important and I talked about it
last week when I had the balancing issues and I got the algae in the tanks
now to keep those free so I want to stick with it here I want to talk about
bacteria and the nitrogen cycle okay so as we know fish poop and that causes
ammonia okay or nh3 or right which is highly toxic to fish this is why you
when you don’t you don’t leave fish in your bag and if they poop the fish you
know the fish poop will ultimately kill them pretty quickly it’s also why you
don’t feed your fish before you put them in bags to ship them or take them places
that’s a good little trick for you all so um what happens then though is
there’s bacteria it’s in your filter it’s also in your subject we’re
one more but this bacteria it’s broken down by nitrous omus which break it down
using oxygen to make nitrite okay nitrite so that’s no.2 which is
slightly less toxic to fish although it does something with their up bloodstream
and on the executive but it is toxic to him ah next the Nitro bacteria break
nights right down into nitrate okay and nitrates are toxic only at really high
levels okay in an anaerobic bacteria anaerobic means no oxygen those break
down the nitrates should change to take the oxygen and release the nitrogen so
it goes from no.3 to the N gets released and that’s what I plan to use our plants
use the nitrogen okay so we don’t go directly from fish poop to plant food I
help plants to absorb a little bit of ammonia but it’s broken down so we got
these nitrous illness and we got this nitro bacteria so we want a bunch of
this bacteria and folks this takes time to happen okay um I’ve talked about this
before but I will talk about it again you want to have your bacteria load and
give it time to establish okay and I’ll give you examples of this I used to have
really horrible algae and all these tanks before I had the sand put in here
okay so once it’s in there now I’ve got a nice bed in there with all this you
know bacteria going on so I think it’s really really important that’s why you
add fish slowly and you take your time and this takes weeks months the slower
you go the better you go how do we get this we use large filter pads I like
these ones they got the like poor sponges and these are actually all I use
in my filters I don’t use any sort of flossing material but these are real
good lots of surface area and you never want these to get entirely like the
water flow to stop you don’t want to like unplug your filter for more than
like 20 minutes or so so if you want the water to always be circulating through
to keep them alive here so we get this but also more importantly and why you
have like a bigger established tank is in your substrate so you got your back
to your beneficial bacteria your substrate I’m gonna go ahead
say the dirty tank as well cuz you got more than some straight is where this
bacteria lives and grows so the goal here is you want your nitrifying
bacteria to have a bigger establishment going on for your for your tank to break
this stuff down faster than you can add waste to the tank so you have like a
lighter amount of fish and a greater amount of plant so you add fish slowly
you add plants quickly okay you don’t had fish quickly you add lots of plants
and I try to run them lightly stocked and that’s how we do it and then also
just to give a shout-out to the master Tom Barr himself said that also clay
which is what we a lot of a sturdy tank people using our substrate can’t take
the NH for as well ammonium so that’s good to know it’s also good with the
iron the breakdown iron in the substrate as well but anyway clay is good in your
substrate it’s part of it so that’s what we’re doing here I just want to make
sure that your bacteria is thriving and growing at a higher rate that is than
waste is being produced by your fish either by you feeding them too much and
the flakes falling down or the pope so that’s what’s going on folks I hope I
brought a little bit of value to you on this wonderful Sunday I’m sweating I
know joy would be melting a few setting makes me to be so hilarious so that’s
what I’m doing if you like what I’m doing subscribe hope you everybody had a
great weekend and a great week ahead make it a great one take off later me
and you yo fish tanks in your coves and stew

58 comments on “How to Cycle Your Aquarium- Nitrogen Cycle in an Aquarium. Bacteria for the Nitrogen Cycle

  1. Dustin, what a great explanation! Everyone should know and understand the nitrogen cycle.

    What are your thoughts, or anyone else for that matter, about the quick start cycle products?

  2. Hey man, glad the ACA was fun. Just wanted to put in that I remember watching your 220 tank video several months ago and it helped inspire me to get my own 225 gal tank when I saw it on Craigslist for dirt cheap!  Thanks for the inspiration and check out my channel if you get a chance.  I got some sweet plants and fish in that tank!

  3. I seen in the comments below that someone said using used filter media to jump start the cycle. I do the same thing in my tanks. done it for 3 of my 5 and i never even noticed a slight jump in ammonia. to me it's the best way if you have access to used media. however if not there is another way if it's a first tank. my local fish store sells it, not sure of the brand name, but it's called bio-spira. It's a packet of bacteria that you can dump into the tank to seed it. it won't stop a cycle but it can reduce the big ammonia and nitrite swings. 

  4. awesome knowledge you're sharing. I have a question though. I'm pretty much set for my planted tank before I fill it up with water. But I was wondering what else should I have in my tank electrical wise. I have a heater for winter. A filter (i will refer back to your older videos on which filters you prefer though incase I want to buy a new one). I have an air stone. Anything else I need? The only thing I can think of that I THINK I see in your videos is that thing that makes waves or circulation in your tank. I wonder if that helps out a lot or I could do without…

  5. Thanks for the tip cuzo …no fish in my tank just plants all day everyday with 2 air stones and a power head blowing across the length of da tank ,,, also added some dwarf sword grass .some giant hygrophila .Argentine swords. Amazon swords. java fern .water primrose …and duck weed from yo tank ,,, I didn't rinse plants so now I got duck weed and tanks 2 u cuzo its taking off , from 3 lil duck weeds I got over 15 now cuz they get high light sun just like in da green house and then some cuz the get hit in da head at night with the blue lights sun…me and u ..yo fish tanks and my cuzos 2 ..nice remix with that song …its stuck in my head as I play the arcade games ,,,1 love ,, tank on

  6. I'm so gonna order one of those Crinum Natans behind you in that tank. I have found them cheaper elsewhere, but I learned a lot by watching your videos so I'll buy from you for a little support.

  7. You put out some great info. Getting ready to fill my tank in the next week, It's been a long build as time is here and there. You can see it on my channel.

  8. I have a betta fish and a nerite snail in a 5.5 gallon tank I've kept for a few weeks.  I did a 50% water change a few days ago.  Basically I have a 10 gallon water filter in the tank, and I can't leave it on because my betta gets pushed around too much, so I will just leave it on for an hour or 2 every other day or so.  I do have 2 Anubias plants in and also one of the moss balls.  Is this okay to leave my filter off usually??  I'm worried because there was a pellet of uneated betta food which sank to the bottom, and so far I haven't bought a vaaccuum to clean out the gravel.  Any thoughts?

  9. Im really frustrated with fish keeping and feel like giving up.

     At first, i had 4 guppies. They all died within a week as i found out there was ammonia in my tap water and no amount of water changes could save them.

    Then, I learnt about cycling my tank and did tons of research on many areas of fish keeping and i currently have a 45 gallon freshwater dirted tank with hardy plants (like anubias and amazon swords and java ferns etc)
    After 2.5 months of cycling, with checks on water conditions every other day with API test kit, the nitrogen cycle was complete.
    I then added 3 cory doors catfish to the newly cycled tank and added Prazzie gold (Which was recommended to me by a youtube channel to new fish to remove parasites). After 3 days, i checked the water parameters and found that the bacteria and filters were keeping up with the boiload.

    Then I came home today, 4 days after buying my fish, only to find out 2 of my corys are DEAD.

    I was trying to feed them new life spectrum algae wafers and they didn't eat (I only tried to feed 2 days out of the 4 and removed the food after 15 minutes of them not eating it- I researched on constipation and such as well don't worry)

    I feel like giving up. What do I do. Hundreds of dollars and dozens of hours of research and setting up has amassed to nothing. Please help me.
    Show less

  10. I know this is an old post…. but I cycle tanks overnight no lie, upon setting up a new aquarium i have enough of them around around to do a few water changes and fill it up, also i will run the filter for the new tank on a cycled one for a day before setting up the new tank. i take some old sponge filter media out of a running aquarium filter that needs cleaned and squish that filter into the water after your tank is set up and running that is… and get it in there nice a dirty it will clear by morning and i shit you not by morning i test my water and its good I have a master test kit with vials i dont mess with strips

  11. I have an issue and u might help. I have a 20 gal tall. I put in gravel, two 20gal hang in the back filters, heater, long air stone, and fake plants. I put in Dr Tim's one and only bacteria. I saw videos on it and people said it is a great product. The issue I have is that the cycle just stopped working. The ammonia was gone in 5 days, the nitrite is sky high and so is the nitrate. I did a 25% water change. Four days later there has been no change to my tank at all, the levels are still very high. I just added a plant in the tank to help with the nitrate, (micro Sword). Yesterday I did another water change and added more bacteria. I'm getting very frustrated with the tank. I went to my local fish store in town, and I told them my issue, told them that I did about a 40% water change, they told me that I just messed up my cycle by changing so much water and that I have to start all over again.
    I'm frustrated, what can I do to start the cycle all over again.
    Thanks for your assistance.

  12. just set up a new tank no fish or plants yet and I wanted to know which if I should get plants before the fish, the guy at the pet store said I should have a few fish in it to build up some fish waste before I get plants, what do you think about this?

  13. OK, watched this video twice!
    I have my 2nd Miracle Grow tank going, 7 days now!

    So when do we put the fish in the tank?

    I usually wait 30 days before adding any fish but the other day a Planted Fish Tank guy told me to add a few fish after 4 days to kick start the Nitrogen cycle?

    So when do we add fish?

    Thank you!!

  14. I gotta pick your brain dustin. Im still in cycling mode. a little over a week now. I just tested water Conditions, and my nitrites are off the charts. no plants. and only one fish. why is it high. how can I control it. where am I at in the cycle?

  15. my one fish is a bn pleco btw. I wouldn't have him in their for the cycle if I had another established tank for him. I drop a hikari algae wafer in every other day or so. I haven't seen him eat but in the am. they r gone. I have small rocks as substrate. and not enough to fill the entire bottom. I like the less is more look i guess.

  16. bacteria don't solve an algae problem… he started about algae and then about his biological filter like it solved an algae problem ? I think algae like nitrates too…. strange, anyway, the relation between iron and clay is simpel : clay is a dense and minor structure (particals less the 2 µm), so they bound a lot of chemicals in its minor structure. Put the clay around the roots of plants (under he roots is best if you have space), then the roots will take the iron, which is good for the plants…. Few questions remain : 1) Can anyone tell me more specific information about the difference in bioload color (brown = alife, black = dead ?)…. 2) does anyone have scientific proof that the bioload-capacity of a dry-filter is better then a normal waterfilter (of any kind) ? Is the capacity of the dry-filter really so much better ? Is there not more actif biomedium underwater possible then in those "dry balls" ? 3) Is it a stupid idea to try biofiltration before your mechanical fitration, and not after ?

  17. Is it mandatory to add bacteria manually during tank set up? Or bacteria develop at their own without any additional effort? What is your suggestion?

  18. If you have artificial plants and therefore no substrate, how do you have that beneficial bacteria in your tank?

  19. how many days does it takes to have nitrogen cycle developed in aquarium . i have already put graveps from old tank…how many days will it take to develop bacteria

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  21. Thanks to anyone for info regarding this 🙂
    Is it necessary to buy anaerobic bacteria, or any bacteria, to help the process, or does this form naturally in a planted aquarium?
    I got the plants, substrate, the aquarium, filter, pump, water conditioner, fish food, the fish, and patience. Am I set?

  22. Please help!! I just started a new tank. It's horribly cloudy. I made all of the new tank owner mistakes. My daughters tank is so cloudy I can barely see the fish. What can I do?

  23. If i cycle my tank with hardy fish do the hardy fish die during that time or is it hardy enough to stand the toxins. And do i add any chemicals to the tank when i start cycling it or nothing. and can i also put heater, plants and pebbles from my old turtle tank to speed up the cycle thanks and im going to leave the things there in the tank thx.

  24. Aquarium Maintenance: Deconstructing The 220 Gallon Aquarium

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  26. I was taught that floss is important and goes after the different grades of sponge, just before the media- so the muck doesn't cover the media and gives more room (anaerobic bacteria) to grow. Also plastic balls are not good for them to grow. Found BioHome to be a good home for them.

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