Claire Corlett

Fish Food, Fish Tanks, and More

How to Discover a New Species of Ant | featuring Dr. Brian Fisher

greetings AC family welcome to another episode of the aunt Canada and channel here on the AC channel we watch ants feeding we watch them moving into new home we watch them grow and we also share useful tips on how to care for ant colonies however from time to time we are graced with the opportunity to hear from people for actual experts on ants people who dedicate their lives to studying them these are the ant gurus of the murica logical world with nuptial flight season officially starting in the northern hemisphere today we sit down with dr. brian fisher creator of ant web or from the California Academy of scientists who will share with us how you yes you can actually be a contributor to scientific and research you may even be keeping a brand new undiscovered ant species without even knowing we also have an update on our cream trap John in that you may have seen in a previous video that you survive it’s a shocker you won’t want to miss all this and more ahead so keep watching until the end AC family find out why you out there watching are important to murder ecology the study of n as we sit and learn from an ant master in this week’s episode of the ant Canada antenna and welcome to the AC family enjoy during a recent trip to San Francisco California I was able to visit the California Academy of Sciences to visit one of the most famous and scientist they’re called murmur colleges in the entire world dr. Brian Fisher was one of my greatest idols for years ever since I started seriously keeping em so naturally i fan Boyd dr. Fisher was the creator of ant web org the world’s largest online database of images specimen records and Natural History information on ants it is community driven and open to contribution from anyone with specimen records Natural History comments or images as an N keeper and ant lover like all of you I had so much to ask him on behalf of us the AC family hello dr. Fischer thank you for taking the time to join us today please kindly introduce yourself to the AC family hello i’m brian fisher and people call me and explore or the species explore please describe what you do in your career in studying and i’m here at a medium with one of the largest museums in the world and it’s called the california academy of science at this medium we have a research side that’s what i work that’s right hi that’s in the basement we have one of the largest collections of ants in the world and then we have a public space that’s the public media where you can come and look at the aquarium look at rain forests or the planetarium but i rarely get up to it because when i walk in i can’t get away from the base you are the founder of edweb orgs the biggest ant species database in the world how did that start when I first went to the topic there was like 30 years ago I went to Panama and it was that trip where I fell in love the panic and they were everywhere right I went down to study plants but I thought you can answer I was like I got to know about these ants I could find out any information there wasn’t like a field diagram it was real guys tubers everywhere but not for ants I could wait a minute how can this be that we have this incredible diversity and we know nothing about it business content anybody to tell me anything so I decided that point I wanted to study ants I wanted to in a sense know the name of every and the world and not just his name look like weren’t lived whether or not it’s endangered and I realized later be even better if we could actually use that information to show that humans are survival it’s a lot linked to that like is it true that the answer the glue that holds force together is it true that we actually need ants well ants aren’t invisible to most people – my goal with ant web was to make them visible this is put a face on it not just the name you know at that time we didn’t know the name of all the ants in the world but let’s do more than that let’s put a face on that so I wanted to create that field guide I wanted to create that tool in a sense to be able to go anywhere in the world and know what’s there and know what it looked like tell us about how you take these photos of ants for Edwin now with image so far 41,000 specimens not just a typical quick image but each of those images there’s a composite we take images through the plane of focus and we make a composite image taking the parts a focus for each image making it move bit of a single image were calling focus back to image on our list it’s 70 to 100 images in them again and we take profile headshot dorsal view and a label back to 41,000 so we’ve gotten about 75% of all anti-tarnish and each summer we’re going out again a fun everyone to help us do that but it’d be great we want to finish this one actually finish imaging every species continued every species so that we can generate on the fly the ants of your backyard dance in Ghana and from Canada we can image those images with increasing field how does one discover a new species of n so how do you know you have a new species right so you go out in the backyard climate Denton though if it New Guinea speaking well it’s the same thing I do every trip like a so we work right now or focus on math Africa trying to describe all the species so we do it this way we go out into it a new force I get there with you are traps we come back and then we sort all those specimens as we collected so while they call for forces we look at inconsistent with 17 that wind that was different in that one after the shorter we mount them up spin them and label them with all their data then we compare each of those Norfolk uses everything we already know before ant web that meant you would have to take your collection travel to Europe and go to each Museum and compare your specimens to the types of species episode and test only every college is still before entrance now an air web is kind of like democratize that process that means you know you go and prepare all your specimens to the imaging and you can change and use images you can get pretty close to figure out the identity of – specimen why is classification of ant species important classification is important because once you know the name you’ve opened up all the information about that special objects thesis process potential biology remember what I said I wanted to know they renamed maybe what it looks like but also sophistication Lebanon it’s endangered whether or not we can actually use it information and this is where if it gets problematic but this is also problems opportunity because this is your opportunity to make a contribution now we only discovered about twenty percent of all insects on earth the discovered maybe 50% of all ants right what did I say yes we only have described this percent of all ant species on earth that means or the likely is something in your own backyard that’s a nice piece why must we know about every single ant how does that help each and represent kind of its own set of evolved problem-solving solutions through that environmental story so each one has potential a unique story that is important for that a full ecosystem you see we don’t really understand what the complex to be an uncertainty of nature so we’re just beginning but in each story is part of that puzzle that we should actually take the time to understand and by knowing its name we can start adding information about what that species does who is related to because relationship is really an important part of story we didn’t evolve from and the ball from lost be there specialized laws but also the tennis game it’s good to know who this relationship is about knowledge is it a draclyn well up in the drag land that maybe we know time to medical history medicine and drink repetitive on baby sticker so that’s the sport but above all I think it’s important says it represents things part of the story what if any of our 80 family members watching are just kids or have no scientific background how can we help in ant research if you start question and you also record the data you insert become a contributor the clients have some exploration to Montgomery English all it takes is persistence and patience now if you have a line calling you’re probably the first person to actually sit and watch it in those circumstances notice it’s biology it’s alive its Natural History and nobody’s probably taking their time to experience those interactions even a seasonality link does it produce things when is it produce larvae what is it people love it women to producing new Queens and males all that mixing biology can be recorded and put into information online that other people can access evening I’m nationals aunt left you can make any other the other nursing blog adults have information if you share it that’s we need to can refine that’s when you become looking for you what about those of us who don’t keep n where are some of the ways in which an on and keeper can contribute to ant research how can you help world one I think the most important as others to see me can’t I said most people for most people answering today if you have those on to press key again to share that with others and I think as you probably realize the most important thing is not simply understanding torment is that understanding the environment is the best path you are enlightened of our society because if we don’t figure out that ants are important we’ll never figure out in sense that we are impacting the environment and that is important no as I said we understand very little about the environment maybe only 20% of species and therefore we don’t have like a Dow Jones index environment we don’t have any way to look at it holistically most importantly we need to see those in it and you all see it and that’s important but if you want to help further you can pick those ants and you find you identify something new and exciting get it to us again get it to a taxonomy and if you want to help us finish imaging all the ants of the world we need your help f ant web help ant web being a contact ant webbed org and we have mechanisms to donate money to the California Academy of Sciences and web project and there I’ll make sure dedicate Uruguay coming here next week what is your favorite species of n my favorite ants wanted to add one is how can you still can’t believe it oh yeah I have to scratch their own babies until they bleed and that even the Queen has to drink the full out of their own babies so for me every time I find a Dracula that’s a good day thanks so much dr. Brian for sitting with the AC family today we’ve learned so much that a great pleasure to meet the ants identity book and I hope the an stay with us so there you have it it is that beautiful guys all of you out there watching our valuable to learn ecology the study of ant whether you’re an Anki perk or someone who likes to look at em or even a viewer on this channel there are so many ways in which you can help contribute to the study of these little six legged miracles oh yes and I also made sure to make a donation of 500 USD on behalf of us the AC family for the ant web project hi-5 AC family we’ve all contributed to mer mycological research for those of you keeping ants now have a look at n web org you can search your location and look up the ants in your region and if the end you have does not match any of the ants listed in your area send a dead end specimen in some laboratory great alcohol over to dr. brian fisher i’ll put information in the description and maybe just maybe you will have discovered a brand new ant species and hey if you do and you have the privilege of naming this newly discovered species from your backyard please add ant canadensis somewhere in the species name huh alright so now an update on our beautiful trap-jaw queen ant that we caught a few months back we’ve all been waiting to see if she would lay eggs after caring for her and feeding her for months she has sadly passed away she likely was not fertilized which happens in queen ant collecting however we do have some great news next week thanks for watching another episode of the ant Canada and channel did you guys enjoy chatting with dr. Fisher for those of you in our colony members dr. Fisher even took us into the vault one of the largest collections of ant specimens in the entire world talk about VIP once in a lifetime access to walk with Brian into the vault click this hidden video here in a colony to see what this book looks like and now for the AC question of the week last week we asked what is the name of the grouping of nerves controlling movement and insects congratulations to Neptune who correctly answered ganglia congratulations Neptune you just won a free and t-shirt from our shop for this week’s 80 question of the week we asked Clio Dracula and called Dracula hence leave your answer in the comments section and you could win some free tests deuced from our shelf perfect for helping your newly caught Queen ants to start your mom aunt : right on time for nuptup lights isn’t happening right now in North America Europe and northern Asia hope you guys can subscribe and be sure to leave a comment let me know what you guys think of riotous cat videos like this and starting now I’m going to start pinning my favorite random comments in each video see you guys next week AC family so much exciting aunts up ahead for you guys why whoa flip Brian tell you it’s aunt lode forever we subscribe to the channel we release a video every single week about and then look forever [Music]

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