Claire Corlett

Fish Food, Fish Tanks, and More
How to feed aquarium fish

How to feed aquarium fish


Okay, so I think it’s fair to say that as an aquarium hobbyist one of the absolute best Aspects of the aquarium hobby is getting to feed your fish Of course not all tanks are like this and it’s not going to be as fun, but they’re equally fun in their own way I have a question though. Are we feeding our fish enough? Are we feeding our fish the right amount? How much should we be feeding how often besides matter this age manner does the type of fish matter, etc Today I kind of want to discuss that okay little disclaimer before we begin depending on the source that you read There’s about thirty four thousand fish that are scientifically described on the planet fifteen thousand of those are freshwater now Believe it or not. Those fish are all discovered in surface water meaning lakes rivers streams Swamps that sort of thing where we can actually collect the fish It’s not including glaciers of course or underground water sources fresh surface water only accounts for 0.3 percent of the world’s water yet we found Half the fish in it. I Guess the point of where I’m getting at is this video is going to be focusing only on freshwater fish as of course, I am a freshwater hobbyist and all the fish in here are Freshwater as well. That’s not where I was going with this Oh probably needless to say I’m not going to be making this video to cover how those 15,000 freshwater fish need to be fed what you need to feed them. How often etc etc This is going to be a general video and some real world information that you could put to use on your aquariums However, right below this video is the comment section If you’d like to share your experience with your fish how you feed etc if you’d like to elaborate on this video or ask your questions or get detailed or Specific questions answer make sure you ask them in the comments section below There’s an entire community and I’ve always said that’s the second half of the video So I think we should start off with the very basics. How often should you feed your fish now? This is gonna be really simple to follow for juvenile fish I like to feed three times a day if I can’t for adolescents two times a day And of course for adults one time a day however, when it comes to pretty big fish I usually feed Six times a week one time a day So once a week I fast this tank for example even hook gets Fasting why it just lets them clear everything out of their system continues to keep them interested in food Because when it comes to big fish for those that keep big fish Realized and probably of experience before they can sometimes stop edie become disinterested in their food You kind of want to keep them hungry. The reason being is at this size. They’re almost done growing not a lot of the Nutrition and energy and calories that they’re getting from their food is actually going towards growth anymore feeding them three times a day Is really just polluting the water We feed our fish so they will have energy reserves to grow once he gets to an add all sides We just really need to keep him healthy Keep him alive and satisfied feeding him too much is going to leave the two things one pollution of the aquarium unneeded food He’s not using it to grow anymore. And of course, he’ll just grow into a fat and unhealthy fish with a shortened lifespan Which brings up the topic? How much should you be feeding? Like, what’s the quantity of food? You should feed we’ll start with big fish because that’s what we just ended on when it comes to big fish I break it down specifically as to what they’re getting now based on my Experience and all of the research and documentation that’s been shared all over the internet it’s been found that between one to three percent of your fish’s total body weight is what you should be feeding on a Daily basis. This is just for optimal growth as well as health and water quality I think a big problem is a lot of people over feed their fish. We’ll be getting to that in a moment This is only applied to big fish. We will get to the little fish here in a second This is where we break out a measuring tape will actually do lock So hook is about 10 inches long, he’s about 4 inches tall and one in the half inch of girth or width He’s got a couple more inches to put on to become a full-grown Oscar but his growth over the next year is probably gonna be very slow before he gets to that twelve inches But if I had to estimate if you buy a little Oscar, that’s what it’s gonna look like in one year So knowing hook is 10 inches long 4 inches tall one the half inch wide. He’s about 60 cubic inches of fish Now cubic inch of fish weighs about 10 grams. So he weighs about 600 grams or a and a quarter or something along those lines 1% of that is 6 grams 2 percent 12 grams 3 percent 18 grams. Let me illustrate what this actually looks like though So this is about 12 grams of food 2% of hooks body weight, that’s not a bad amount to feed them Probably a little bit more than I would feel comfortable with but again It looks more than it is because these are actually floating sticks. They’re a little more spongy to be able to float Here’s something a little bit more realistic each one of these pellets far more compact they sink This is about 12 grams of food as well. Each one weighing about a half gram so on a daily basis This is pretty much what hook gets sometimes a little less than that now for me when it comes to feeding my fish I know exactly what they’re eating meaning I know exactly what the waste amount is going to be so I can calculate exactly how much? Biological filtration. I’m actually going to require now I’m not saying you have to weigh your food out every day, but for me I know a rough little tiny mitt full of these pellets is Essentially what he’s going to need or require for the day as for little fish Oh, and I know what that I’m repeating a lot of information for my book. I know that those have have it I already know all of these calculations, but I know a lot don’t when it comes to little fish for example like these rainbows I only feed them a small amount essentially whatever they can eat in the boat I don’t know two minutes two to three minutes is what I will feed them now Since there’s so many fish I do have to feed quite a bit at once so they can get it from the bottom as well as the mid-water if you Have time and patience. You can drop a little bit at a time till they stop eating but typically speaking 2 to 3 minutes is what I’m given these guys the same rule applies for my bigger community tanks Even though these guys are much larger and I could of course probably calculate the size of all of these vieja I still give them what these guys can eat in about 3 minutes as well, but they’ve just simply get bigger mitt foals Now again The biggest thing that we can focus on here is truly paying attention to your fish Watching them studying them getting to know them a lot better a lot of the information. You’re gonna hear in this video Maybe you won’t be able to use it But if I can get one point across is to just simply monitor your fish They will tell you far more than any YouTube video ever could Biggest thing you want to focus on is don’t overfeed because you’ll end up with an unhealthy fish. And of course a polluted aquarium which of course leads to ammonia and cycling issues which again could kill your fish so we know how much and how Often you should be feeding your fish at this point. But what should you be feeding your fish? it’s interesting that many people talk about simulating a Wild diet. Let me make this point entirely clear. You will never accomplish that in the home aquarium period These guys are on feeding schedules. They don’t have an ever and never ending food supply. For example My trophies are from Lake Tanganyika. These guys are largely a herbivore fish From sunup to sundown they are grazing on algae and microorganisms All day long, you will never do that in the home aquarium Although I do try to grow algae in all of my tanks So that all fish can graze on it a little bit cuz believe it or not Almost all of these fish in every tank. Do it besides the Oscar But what if we were to actually try to simulate a wild diet, these guys are a herbivore fish. Why not? Just give them a herbivore diet. There’s a big problem with that. There was a book written I believe around 10 years ago called marine ornamental species collection culture and Conservation anyways, there’s a chapter within it titled Captive nutritional management of herbivorous reef fish using surgeon fish as a model This was a really interesting study that they did and one that I hope to replicate to a certain extent at some point So we can get further documentation. Now, there’s actually a few things that I would like to do However, it will involve things fish becoming unhealthy But the end result is always far more benefit in the sacrifice with that said there was three control groups done one was fed nothing, but Algae or like a seaweed of some sort. In fact, it was called Alva Another group was fed, exclusively pellets, and another group was fed, exclusively Flake foods. These were all juvenile surgeonfish Now we do know that surgeonfish are largely herbivore ik constantly grazing all day long But what if we just gave them what we think they specifically require which is just a herbivore diet Well about 40 percent lost an extreme amount of weight and about 60% Ended up dying before the experiment was done. This was of course done over the course of many weeks But I guess the moral of the story with this here is just because we heard hear the word herbivore Is that all they need is some seaweed or whatever the case might be or? Spurlin or we think that we just should give them that interestingly enough when the group offered Flake foods fared a little bit better Most of them gaining weight but in the end about 39 percent of the fish within that control group died, what does that say? Well, of course in Flake foods or men are prepared foods that are commercially available There will be a little bit more that the fish require in that food but based on the way that flakes are made should fish be Exclusively put on that diet absolutely not now when it came to pellets all of the fish lived and all gained weight They were fine. What’s the difference between pellets and flakes? Well right here. There’s about 2 grams of flakes. That’s a lot of food Quantity amount taking up that much space just to feed 2 grams What does that translate to? It’s a lot of waste in the aquarium There’s no way the fish are gonna be able to eat all this before you pollute the tank Plus it must be said that the way that flakes are created versus pellets I believe that a lot of the nutritional value is lost in flakes however we all have a ton of Small fish that really enjoy them and it’s okay to feed them if we if it’s not exclusive But we’ll get to that in a minute now here is 2 grams of pellets. Anybody notice the difference here Much much smaller amount to an extent What does that mean more nutrition into a much smaller diet dump this into an aquarium versus that handful of flakes Which one’s gonna pollute the most what are your fish gonna get the most out of kind of think about that? That’s not really the point. I think flakes are fine Pellets are definitely better in terms of nutritional value and how much actually you’re getting into yours And of course pellets come in a variety of shapes and sizes But I guess it does put things into perspective One of the things that we really need to talk about the most important aspect of this entire video is what should you actively be? Feeding your fish. I’m gonna be very blunt here this entire racking system eats twice a day They get two different types of food a lot of the times I’ll just mix it together. I will feed them a herbivore and a carnivorous diet a lot of times Like I said, I’ll just take the pellets if I’m feeding pellets to mix them together. I give them all at once type of deal this ensures they’re getting everything that they possibly Could require because a very diet is far more important than and I see this all the time people reading the back of a label reading the crude protein or the first three ingredients on the list is so Important thing to do and then calling that a good staple. I don’t think that’s a good idea I think you need a far more varied I’ve done that by introducing at least two staples to the diet if you don’t know what to feed Everybody here everybody in the gallery gets two things Something with herbivore substance to it whether it’s kelp or algae or spirulina of some sort in it as well as a a higher protein diet that contains something that is meaty within the first three ingredients in a higher than 40% crude protein matter even more importantly is the talking about brands. Which brands should you be feeding? What’s on the back of the list etc, etc? my suggestion would be to feed whatever is most commonly available in your area because eventually you’re gonna run out of foods pick the two best foods that focus on a little bit of herbivore and Carnivorous diet and I think feeding the both of them almost regardless of whatever type of fish that you have Even my trophy estar extremely prone to bloat of given too high of a protein diet They are doing just fine on this diet as well I guess I could make the comparison of what I need about 2,000 calories a day to maintain health I Could eat a couple Big Macs and some big fries And get my two thousand calories that way what do you think? I would look like after about six months of just eating that a lot of empty calories just because I love it because It’s a treat type of thing versus eating the same amount of calories and chicken and broccoli and rice and you know Adhering to a more healthy diet. Which one do you think long-term is going to suit me? And Really apply that to your fish and in the hobby I think we’ve focused too much on feeding one emotive food calling it a staple and that’s good enough Where in my opinion is just not so I guess to summarize this video? Don’t overfeed your fish and give them a very diet

100 comments on “How to feed aquarium fish

  1. Get a goldfish tanck they are so to keep I have some I feed theme flacks and they make a weard noise wen I feed theme it is so funny

  2. Nice meeting you at AE! Even though it was just briefly 🙂 I feed my betta spawns a few times a day and my adults 6 days a week. I like to see a bit of a full tummy. Took some notes for my first BIG BOY fish i'll hopefully get soon!

  3. Thanks for sharing. The fish in the 375 gallon tank looks great. It's great to discuss how much and how often our fish need to be fed. I am sure a number of your viewers will think about adopting your methods of feeding. Happy Fish Keeping.

  4. Lots of undeserved hate for Joey going around rn. Search King of DIY here on YouTube, and 2 of the top 8 results are hate rants against him by no name aquarists.
    Fight the hate with love, and hail to the king!

  5. Will you ever try to make a betta tank or at least a guppy tank and if so do you have any tips or tricks that I can use remind fish cuz I have betta and guppy

  6. I had a 180 gallon tank and a 150 gallon tank given to me because the bottom glass was broke out of both of them. I don't know if it's a good idea or if any one has ever tried stacking a 150 on top of a 180 to make one big 330 gallon tank?

  7. I have a 10 gallon tank and was wondering if a 20-60 gallon double outlet air pump is it too much for a 10 gallon?

  8. If 0.3% of the water is usable then isn't the aquarium hobby rather reckless, many boast about daily water changes and I myself as an aquarist do feel rather guilty.

  9. Man this is exactly what the video I need, been wondering how much to feed an my oscar the bum would eat 24/7 if I let him

  10. I have a betta that won't eat anything readily except for live and frozen foods. So i feed him frozen bloodworms and fish and small insects like moths.

  11. My Oscars "Staple" is;

    Hikari Gold
    New Era Green (Veggie)
    New Era Red (Meaty)
    Algae Wafers

    And my home made mix which is;
    White fish fillet
    Prawn
    Peas
    Blood Worm
    Brine Shrimp
    Cylops
    Daphnia
    Garlic
    All blitzed together.

    I rotate the food daily, skip feeding Sunday.

  12. I prefer flake in tanks where you have some aggressive feeders with more hesitant feeders. You can put a lot more flake into a tank with the same nutritional/caloric value, to allow everyone to get some. The alternative in some tanks with pellets is shy guys don't get enough.

  13. I never have to feed my Kribs and Cories algea, it grows everywhere in my tanks and i have these “gardens” which grow a ton of algea on these little marimo moss balls, then i feed them flakes and cichlid pellets.

  14. I always have trained my fish to swim on the top of the tank when they were hungry. I fed them about 2 times a day and since I had many fish in one tank I had never worried about over feeding. I used a mix between sinking and floating medium pellets.

  15. Th King of DYI —- I have mbuna cichlids in a backyard 250 gal pond. I started out with about 10 babies, next thing ya know now almost 2 yrs later we have the original 10 that are now 5 inch adult cichlids,
    about 10 – 3 inch offspring,
    20 – 2 inch" offspring,
    and 15 or so 1 inch
    and just seen some more fry today!

    I can't figure out for the life of me if I am over feeding them or under feeding them? Any tips? — And since there are so many different sizes in the pond I have to mix different sizes of pellets. Form medium size pellets , smaller, smallest to fry food.
    I usually only get to feed them once a day sometimes two, and sometimes not at all.(skip a day) — (Please take into consideration there is a plentiful supply of algae on the rocks for them to graze on if I am not giving them enough)

    So given the sizes listed above what would be a good way to gauge the amount of food? — All I ever hear is as much as they can consume in 2 minutes, but the problem with that is that the pellets sink and I can't tell if it remains on the small gravel bottom or if they ate it all? One things for sure they would eat them selves to death if I kept the food coming!

    Also given the amount of fish that have raised in my pond leads me to another question that I will post following this one!

    Thx! — By the way you done a great job on that video! XD

  16. I have a blood parrot named Madgilid. Been caring for him since he was about 2 inches now about 5 years later now he's about 6 inches? He resides in a 40-gallon breeder tank all by himself. I try to feed him once a day and fast at least once a day. He's been eating Hikari Cichlid Gold floating medium pellets. Should I be feeding about 6 pellets once a day? (His tank has a 30 gallon and 70-gallon external aqua clear filter(s) running. Might be over filtering but I read that more filtration doesn't really hurt? I had the 30-gallon filter laying around collecting dust so I added to make use to the aquarium)…Too much or too little food? Also great video. I learned something new!

  17. I took a fish health masterclass run by an aquatic vet last weekend and you pretty much summed up a lot of what she said about nutrition and the best ways for us to feed our fish. Great vid! 👍🤟😊

  18. I understand and agree with not feeding the live goldfish, but do you recommend live meal worms? I feed them maybe once a week meal worms as a treat. Am I changing any problems and I wonder…. Does this make them more aggressive?

  19. my patio pond has so much algae growth on the sides that i just scrape it off and feed the shubunking and all the other little ones in there, i do that because somehow i had fed them some special algae blocs and some of those took to the tank and the water is still clear. they don't pick at the algae themselves and wait for m to give it to them and it's adorable. usually i'll put in any insects/worms/flies and anything else that comes around the pond that my fish would eat, just to keep it really natural, like a real pond!

  20. You always inspired me Mr dav🙏😍👍😍😊❤️👍💛😊🙏👍👍 great info. Big LOVE ❤️❤️❤️❤️❤️. "Keceh badai" very cool in Indonesia

  21. just asking about angels. i lost 2 out of six once they became mature. i watch your angels and the colony looks smaller. does that happen?

  22. Hi Joey, could you share more about asian arowana eating habits. I kept one for the last 2 years, he's been eating well on daily feeds. Now has grown to almost 50 cm but now refuses his usual food of crickets, meal worms & fresh prawns. He last ate his tank mate! and seem to be satisfied & not hungry anymore

  23. I have a tiger oscar who's about 7-8 inches and he is on a main diet of frozen cubed mysis shrimp, is that bad for him he eats 3 cubes a day that r spread out, is that too much or just not a healthy diet for him? He is still always intrested in his food and doesn't like anything else and he has never ate pellets since we got him. He just refuses to eat pellets or any other food like that

  24. One of your nicest video Joey !! You got my respect for what you do and for all the love you spend for the hobbie. You will never know and never realise about how much u change the life of people about anything, not only with the hobby. Congrats my boy and i wear your tshirt with honor, from quebec. ps ; one day i'll meet you !

  25. You have to watch with feeding pellets also. Because fish that swallow them rather than chew them up? Can develop problems with swelling. I saw a Scat that was about 7" long just ingest pellets like no tomorrow… and later died. It was a big eater like many Scats are and prone to eating themselves to death. Many Koi and Goldfish suffer from the compressed pellets bloating up in the digestive system if the fish are given too much pellets at a feeding.

  26. I usually feed my Betta 3 pallets twice a day. I've once feed him more than usual (5-6 pallets) and he easily get bloated. So, if in a community tank ( for example : guppies and betta ), how do we feed them without being over feeding?
    I haven't try yet, cause right now I only have my betta but I'm planning to make him a new suitable home with guppies (and probably shrimps )
    HELP.

  27. you should make one of your takes into a huge crazy glofish tank, I know they aren't the most unique species or anything but they are crazy cool with their dynamic colors

  28. Do you do live foods for your tanks? Or is it too much work to do? I like to raise my own live foods, seasonally of course.

  29. If people are looking for a good high quality pellet food New Life Spectrum is one of the best. Lots of variety and good ingredients throughout. Supplement this with more natural foods (algae, vegetables, bloodworms, shrimp, etc) and you'll have a good diet.

  30. I have a tank with three dwarf garami one bristle nose pleco two phantom tetra and one other tetra. One of my garamis is eating most of the food I give what should I do? I feed a mix between bloodworms and flakes.

  31. It was suggested to feed my goldfish some miniature ciclid pellets opposed to regular flakes. First time I put some in one gold fish grabbed three pellets at once then spit them out and looked at me like I caused an atrocity…

    Anyways, end result is should I continue to offer the ciclid pellet food as well as flake food?

  32. Feed your fish New life spectrum pellets exclusively — after 40 years of fish keeping — that for me works the best and with best results

  33. My fish won’t come to the top of the tank to eat they don’t even try to look up for the food how do I get them to eat from the top of the tank

    I have a koi fish and goldfish

  34. Great Video Joey, Heaps of people can learn important info from this. I'm also a YouTuber on my own channel Coxy's Aquarium Creations trying to do my own thing. i'm trying to not be too much like you but it's hard because you have done so much and a lot of great videos.

  35. I wanted to kno while feeding fish should one close the oxygen supply or only the filter and for how long.

  36. Thank for you vids man I hope someday to be able to get your book. I had fish for years when I was younger and the internet didn't exist. You have really helped so much. Thank you

  37. Man I am just getting back into fish again and I am realising how much I was probably under feeding my old fish 😔 good to learn so my be aquarium will be much healthier!

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